Brief Overview of Japanese Cars
Japan is Home of the Largest Car Brands
Japan is the world's 3rd largest automobile manufacturer and exporter, and has 6 of the world's 10 largest automobile manufacturers. Japanese car have about 30% share of world car production as of year 2012.
Japan is home to many of the world's well-known car brands such as Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Suzuki, Mitsubishi, Mazda, Lexus, Infiniti, Acura, Datsun, Hino, Daihatsu, Isuzu and Subaru.
In addition to its massive automobile industry, Japan also is the home to manufacturers of other types of vehicles, like powersports vehicle manufacturers Kawasaki and Yamaha, and heavy equipment manufacturers Kubota, Komatsu, and Hitachi.
In over 100 years history of Japanese automobile, Japanese companies has been always pioneer of new emergent technologies. The first to introduce the robotics manufacturing in car production was Japan. Moreover, Hybrid car technology and Electric Car technology were both pioneered by Japanese car companies. Therefore, Japanese cars are well-known for its high-tech brand image and has high reliability with low malfunction rate.
1. ACURA NSX (2:39)
2. LEXUS LC500h (1:55)
3. MAZDA Shinari (2:24)
4. LEXUS RC (0:31)
5. INFINITI QX30 (1:32)
6. HONDA "Paper" (1:57)
7. SUBARU "Move Forward" (2:05)
8. INFINITI Q50 (0:50)
9. NISSAN MAXIMA (1:35)
10. MAZDA MX-5 (1:06)
11. MITSUBISHI Concept XR-PHEV (2:02)
12. TOYOTA MIRAI "Back to the Future" (4:55)
13. LEXUS RX-F (1:43)
14. ACURA RLX (3:09)
15. LEXUS LF-FC (1:40)
16. LEXUS RX Life (1:01)
17. LEXUS LC500 (2:08)
18. INFINITI QX Sport (1:04)
History of Japanese Cars
The first automobile to be made in Japan was made in 1902 by Komanosuke Uchiyama from a gasoline engine that had been brought back from the United States. He produced the first entirely Japanese-made car in 1907. In 1904, Torao Yamaha built the first Japanese-made bus, which could hold 10 passengers. By 1914, Mitsubishi Zosen was manufacturing its first car, called the Model A.
American car manufacturers had begun building cars in Japan for the Japanese market and were, by 1930, producing nearly 20,000 units per year. Japanese domestic manufacturers were producing fewer than 500 units. By 1935, industrialization was well underway in Japan with as many as 16 companies producing cars. In 1936, the Japanese government passed the Automobile Manufacturing Industries Act, which was designed to break the American car monopoly. Companies formed under this 1936 act included Toyota and Datsun.
World War II brought the requirement that Japanese zaibatsu, or industrial conglomerates, disband. Many of these companies re-formed after the occupation. The Japanese government saw the importance of restarting the domestic car market and took steps to stimulate innovation. In 1955, Suzuki began production of 360cc Suzlite. Fuji followed with its 360cc Subaru 360, and Mitsubishi introduced its Mitsubishi 500, a small, fuel-efficient 500cc car priced affordably. 1960 saw the introduction by Toyo Kogyo, who would eventually become Mazda, of a 360cc coupe. Toyota's 700cc couple was introduced in 1961. All of these cars were the result of a government program urging carmakers to produce small, highly fuel-efficient vehicles at an affordable price for the domestic market.
The Japanese Automotive Manufacturer's Association (JAMA) was established in 1967. JAMA was formed to help auto manufacturers deal with changes in Japan's economy, such as liberalized automotive imports, that resulted from Japan's entry into the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Japan's auto manufacturers realized they would need more automation in automobile production and began using advanced digital manufacturing technologies and robotics in the early 1970s. Management structures were changed to match newer manufacturing technologies and techniques.
Between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s, Japanese car purchasing exploded. In 1962, 14 percent of households owned cars. By 1975 it had increased to more than 50 percent. This influx of cash allowed Japanese car manufacturers to innovate in areas of manufacturing technology and engine design, resulting in the development of the rotary engine by Toyo Kogyo.
The Oil Crisis of 1973 created a global demand for more fuel-efficient cars. With American car manufacturers having focused for years on high-power, large engines, Japan was in a good position, with its lineup of smaller engines designed for fuel efficiency, to enter many global markets, especially the United States. Because Japanese cars were already light, they were one of the first to use innovative materials, such as plastics and high tension steel sheeting, to further reduce weight.
By 1985, Japanese automakers had been established as world-class operations. Innovations in manufacturing systems, management systems, and automotive materials were at levels that wouldn't be matched by other nations until the mid-1990s. Japanese manufacturers focused on product improvement, including technological innovations. One area of focus was making cars recyclable. By 1985, 75 percent of a Japanese car, by weight, could be recycled. Japanese manufacturers also focused on safety improvements. Japan began manufacturing cars in local markets, such as the United States, as a response to protectionist sentiments. By the mid-1990s, Japanese manufacturers had entered the luxury car markets with high-end co-brands, such as Acura and Lexus, being produced to compete with European manufacturers like BMW and Mercedes-Benz.
Modern gallery of Japanese Cars
Toyota Motor Corporation is a Japanese automotive manufacturer. Toyota is the largest automobile manufacture and is the twelfth-largest company in the world by revenue. The company reported the production of its 200-millionth vehicle. Toyota is the world's first automobile manufacturer to produce more than 10 million vehicles per year. As of 2014, Toyota was the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization (worth more than twice as much as #2-ranked SoftBank) and by revenue.
TOYOTA FCV MIRAI
TOYOTA Crown Majesta
Lexus is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Toyota. First introduced in 1989 in the USA, Lexus is now sold globally and has become Japan's largest-selling make of premium cars. The Lexus marque is marketed in over 70 countries and territories worldwide, and has ranked among the ten largest Japanese global brands in market value.
LEXUS RC coupe
Nissan Motor Company Ltd, is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer. Since 1999, Nissan has been part of the Renault–Nissan Alliance, a partnership between Nissan and French automaker Renault. Nissan became the second-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer and the sixth largest automaker in the world. Taken together, the Renault–Nissan Alliance would be the world’s fourth largest automaker. Nissan is the leading Japanese brand in China, Russia and Mexico.
NISSAN Delta Wing
NISSAN Titan Warrior
Infiniti is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Nissan. Infiniti officially started selling vehicles on November 8, 1989 in North America. The marketing network for Infiniti-branded vehicles now includes over 230 dealers in over 15 countries.
Infiniti Gran Turismo
Infiniti Q50 Skyline
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. is a Japanese corporation primarily known as a manufacturer of automobiles, motorcycles and power equipment. Honda has been the world's largest motorcycle manufacturer since 1959, as well as the world's largest manufacturer of internal combustion engines measured by volume, producing more than 14 million internal combustion engines each year. Honda became the third-largest Japanese automobile manufacturer and the eighth largest automobile manufacturer in the world.
HONDA Ridgeline Offroad
HONDA Civic Sedan
HONDA Civic Type-R
HONDA Fit Shuttle
HONDA NBOX Slash
Acura is the luxury vehicle division of Japanese automaker Honda. The brand was launched in the United States and Canada in March 1986, marketing luxury, performance, and high-performance vehicles. It was introduced to Hong Kong in 1991, Mexico in 2004, China in 2006, and Russia in 2014. Acura holds the distinction of being the first Japanese automotive luxury brand.
Mazda Motor Corporation is a Japanese automaker based in Hiroshima Prefecture, Japan. Mazda produced more than 1.3 million vehicles for global sales, the majority of which (nearly 1 million) were produced in the company's Japanese plants, with the remainder coming from a variety of other plants worldwide. Mazda is the forth largest manufacturer in Japan and the thirteenth biggest manufacturer in the world.
MAZDA MX5 Miata
MAZDA Atenza (mazda6)
MAZDA Axcela (mazda3)
MAZDA Demio (mazda2)
Suzuki Motor Corporation is a Japanese multinational corporation which specializes in manufacturing automobiles, four-wheel drive vehicles, motorcycles, ATVs, outboard marine engines, wheelchairs and a variety of other small internal combustion engines. Suzuki is the tenth biggest automaker by production worldwide. Suzuki has about 35 main production facilities in 23 countries and 133 distributors in 192 countries.
SUZUKI ALTO RS
SUZUKI ALTO Lapan
Subaru is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), the twenty-second biggest automaker by production worldwide. Subaru is known for its use of the boxer engine layout in most of its vehicles above 1500 cc as well as its use of the Symmetrical All Wheel Drive drive-train layout since 1972. Subaru is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster.
SUBARU Legacy C
SUBARU Legacy B4
SUBARU Legacy Outoback
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation is a multinational automotive manufacturer. Mitsubishi Motors is the sixth biggest Japanese automaker and the fourteenth biggest worldwide by production. It is part of Mitsubishi keiretsu, formerly the biggest industrial group in Japan, and was formed in 1970 from the automotive division of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
MITSUBISHI Dakar Race Car
MITSUBISHI i-miev sport
MITSUBISHI Pajero Sport
Isuzu Motors Ltd. is a Japanese commercial vehicles and diesel engine manufacturing company. The company was founded in 1916 by the Japanese oil and gasoline manufacturer Tokyo Gas Company, which in 1934 fused with the carmaker and was renamed Isuzu. Isuzu-branded vehicles are sold in most commercial markets worldwide. By 2009, Isuzu had produced over 21 million diesel engines, which can be found in vehicles all over the world. Isuzu diesel engines are used by General Motors and Renault-Nissan Alliance.
ISUZU Dakar Race Car
ISUZU FY Series
Hino Motors, Ltd. commonly known as simply Hino, is a Japanese manufacturer of commercial vehicles and diesel engines (including trucks, buses and other vehicles). The company has been the leading producer of medium and heavy-duty diesel trucks in Asia. It supplies vehicles to the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. It is a subsidiary of Toyota Motor Corporation and one of 16 major companies of the Toyota Group.
HINO Dakar Race Truck
UD Trucks Corporation is a Japanese company whose principal business is the manufacture and sales of light, medium and heavy duty diesel trucks, buses, bus chassis and special-purpose vehicles. Until 2010, it was known as Nissan Diesel, the company changed its name to UD Trucks.
UD Trucks Quester
UD Trucks Quon
Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd. is the oldest Japanese car manufacturer, mostly known for its range of smaller models and off-road vehicles. Daihatsu Motors has also manufactured select Scion vehicles for Toyota in the US market since 2002.
Mitsuoka Motors is a small and the youngest Japanese automobile company. It is noted for building cars with conventional styling, some of which imitate British vehicles of the 1950s and 1960s. It is primarily a coachbuilder, taking production cars, like the Nissan March, and replacing the bodywork with its own custom designs. It has also produced a sports car, the Orochi. Mitsuoka Motors is also the principal distributor of retro-classic TD2000 roadster in Japan.